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Type: Artigo de Periódico
Title: Eicosapentaenoic acid and docosahexaenoic acid exert anti-inflammatory and antinociceptive effects in rodents at low doses
Authors: Nobre, Maria Elizabeth Pereira
Correia, Alyne Oliveira
Borges, Marília de Brito
Sampaio, Thayga Maria Araújo
Chakraborty, Solon Arcoverde
Gonçalves, Danilo de Oliveira
Brito, Gerly Anne de Castro
Leal, Luzia Kalyne Almeida Moreira
Felipe, Cícero Francisco
Lucetti, Daniel Luna
Arida, Ricardo Mário
Viana, Glauce Socorro de Barros
Keywords: Neutrófilos;Antioxidantes
Issue Date: 2013
Citation: NOBRE, M. E. P. et al. Eicosapentaenoic acid and docosahexaenoic acid exert anti-inflammatory and antinociceptive effects in rodents at low doses. Nutrition Research, Tarrytown, NY, v.33, n. 5, p. 422-433, 2013.
Abstract: In the present study, we evaluated omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) (consisting of 20:5n-3 and 22:6n-3) properties on inflammation and nociception. Among the in vivo tests, writhing, formalin, and hot plate tests were conducted in mice, and carrageenan-induced paw edema, peritonitis, and Hargreaves tests were performed in rats. Following the carrageenaninduced edema, immunohistochemistry for tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α)was also carried out. We found that omega-3 PUFA treatment significantly decreased acetic acid–induced abdominal contortions as well as the first and second phases of the formalin test, which were reversed by naloxone. The carrageenan-induced rat paw edema was significantly reduced, along with neutrophil migration to the peritoneal cavity in the omega-3 PUFA treatment. In addition, there was a decrease in TNF-α immunostained cells in the inflamed paw with the omega-3 treatment compared with no omega-3. Withdrawal threshold in response to the thermal stimulation was significantly increased by the omega-3 treatment in the Hargreaves and hot plate tests. The in vitro studies (myeloperoxidase, lactate dehydrogenase, MTT cell viability and lipid peroxidation assays) were performed in human neutrophils. These studies showed that omega-3 treatment significantlydecreasedmyeloperoxidase release,presentednocytotoxicity, anddidnot alter lipid peroxidation. Our study suggests that omega-3 PUFA anti-inflammatory and antinociceptive actionsmay involve inhibition of cyclooxygenases andmicroglial activation, leading to a reduced release of proinflammatory cytokines such as TNF-α, among other factors. The omega-3 PUFAs are potential candidates used alone or in combination with conventional nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs, for the treatment of diseases where inflammation plays an important role.
ISSN: 0271-5317
Appears in Collections:DFIFA - Artigos publicados em revista científica

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