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Title in Portuguese: Periodontitis, edentulism and glycemic control in patients with type 2 diabetes: a cross-sectional study
Author: Taboza, Zuila Albuquerque
Costa, Katia Linhares
Silveira, Virginia Régia
Furlaneto, Flavia Aparecida
Montenegro Jr, Renan
Russell, Stefanie
Dasanayake, Ananda
Rego, Rodrigo O.
Keywords: Periodontite
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2
Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2
Issue Date: 2018
Publisher: BMJ Open Diabetes Research and Care
Citation: TABOZA, Zuila Albuquerque et al. Periodontitis, edentulism and glycemic control in patients with type 2 diabetes: a cross-sectional study. BMJ Open Diabetes Research & Care, v. 6, p. 1-7, 2018.
Abstract: Objectives T o compare the glycemic control in non- smoking patients with type 2 diabetes according to their periodontal and dental status. Research design and methods This cross-sectional stud y investigated patients previously diagnosed with type 2 diabetes and under antidiabetic medication. Clinical data and fasting blood glucose (FBG) levels were collected from medical and dental records. Patients were divided into three groups according to dental and periodontal diagnosis: no or mild periodontitis (NO/MILD, n=96), moderate or severe periodontitis (MOD/SEV, n=74) and edentulous (n=141). FBG levels were compared between groups. Logistic regression was also applied to estimate the OR of presenting hyperglycemia. Results Edentulous pa tients had significantly higher FBG levels of 155.7±70.9 (mean±SD mg/dL) than those in the MOD/SEV (136.6±33.8) and the NO/MILD (123.1±36.7) groups. Differences between the latter two groups were also significant. Edentulous patients had adjusted ORs of 4.53, 4.27 and 3.95 of having FBG≥126, ≥150 and ≥180 mg/dL, respectively, in comparison with NO/MILD group. The MOD/SEV group also presented significant odds of having FBG≥126 mg/dL (OR=2.66) and ≥150 mg/dL (OR=2.45) than the NO/MILD group. Conc lusions P atients in the MOD/SEV group had worse glycemic control than the ones in the NO/MILD group. However, edentulous patients presented higher glycemic levels than both dentate groups, and also presented with higher odds of having hyperglycemia.
metadata.dc.type: Artigo de Periódico
ISSN: 2052-4897
Appears in Collections:DMC - Artigos publicados em revistas científicas

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