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Title in Portuguese: Genotoxicity and DNA repair indicative in blood cells after occupational exposure to ionizing radiation
Author: Silva, Ronald Gerard
Alencar, Marcus Vinícius Oliveira Barros de
Teixeira, Jadson Silva T
Silva, Reyca Rodrigues e
Paz, Márcia Fernanda Correia Jardim
Sousa, João Marcelo de Castro e
Mata, Ana Maria Oliveira Ferreira da
Santos, José Victor de Oliveira
Islam, Torequl
Ferreira, Paulo Michel Pinheiro
Melo-Cavalcante, Ana Amélia de Carvalho
Picada, Jaqueline Nascimento
Keywords: Radiação Ionizante
Ionizing Radiation
Reparo do DNA
Issue Date: 2016
Publisher: International Archives of Medicine
Citation: SILVA, R. G. et al. Genotoxicity and DNA repair indicative in blood cells after occupational exposure to ionizing radiation. International Archives of Medicine, London, v. 9, n. 121, p. 1-13, 2016.
Abstract: Occupational exposure to ionizing radiation (IR) can damage DNA. The study evaluated the genotoxic profile and repair indicatives of DNA from peripheral blood lymphocytes of health workers exposed occupationally to IR by adopting comet assay. Biomonitoring was done with ninety individuals; among them 45 were health professionals and the rests were non-professionals. Blood samples were collected after 48 h (2 d; non-exposed) and 168 h (7 d; exposed). The 7 d IR exposed group significantly increased in the rates and frequency of damage, while 2 d unexposed group exhibited more than 20% of DNA repair as compared to the respective control groups. The DNA damage was observed in more significant to the younger workers (18-27 y). However, the hematological abnormalities were not observed, despite of their positive correlation in genotoxic profile. Significant and positive correlations were observed in relation to the used medicaments, low consumption of vegetables as well as the type and place of work. In conclusion, biomarkers involved in comet assay can be applied in biomonitoring of genetic instability, including IR induced phenomena.
metadata.dc.type: Artigo de Periódico
ISSN: 1755-7682
Appears in Collections:PPGF - Artigos publicados em revistas científica

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