Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Title in Portuguese: Pathogen-specific epitopes as epidemiological tools for defining the magnitude of mycobacterium leprae transmission in areas endemic for leprosy
Author: Martins, Marcia V. S. B.
Guimarães, Marjorie M. da S.
Spencer, John S.
Hacker, Mariana A. V. B.
Costa, Luciana S.
Carvalho, Fernanda M.
Geluk, Annemieke
Schip, Jolien J. van der Ploeg-van
Pontes, Maria A. A.
Gonçalves, Heitor S.
Morais, Janvier P. de
Bandeira, Tereza J. P. G.
Pessolani, Maria C. V.
Brennan, Patrick J.
Pereira, Geraldo M. B.
Keywords: Hanseníase
Mycobacterium leprae
Issue Date: Apr-2012
Publisher: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
Citation: MARTINS, M. V. S. B. et al. Pathogen-specific epitopes as epidemiological tools for defining the magnitude of mycobacterium leprae transmission in areas endemic for leprosy. PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases, San Francisco, v. 6, n. 4, p. e1616, abr. 2012.
Abstract: During recent years, comparative genomic analysis has allowed the identification of Mycobacterium leprae -specific genes with potential application for the diagnosis of leprosy. In a previous study, 58 synthetic peptides derived from these sequences were tested for their ability to induce production of IFN- c in PBMC from endemic controls (EC) with unknown exposure to M. leprae , household contacts of leprosy patients and patients, indicating the potential of these synthetic peptides for the diagnosis of sub- or preclinical forms of leprosy. In the present study, the patterns of IFN- c release of the individuals exposed or non-exposed to M. leprae were compared using an Artificial Neural Network algorithm, and the most promising M. leprae peptides for the identification of exposed people were selected. This subset of M. leprae -specific peptides allowed the differentiation of groups of individuals from sites hyperendemic for leprosy versus those from areas with lower level detection rates. A progressive reduction in the IFN- c levels in response to the peptides was seen when contacts of multibacillary (MB) patients were compared to other less exposed groups, suggesting a down modulation of IFN- c production with an increase in bacillary load or exposure to M. leprae . The data generated indicate that an IFN- c assay based on these peptides applied individually or as a pool can be used as a new tool for predicting the magnitude of M. leprae transmission in a given population.
metadata.dc.type: Artigo de Periódico
ISSN: 1935-2727
Appears in Collections:DMC - Artigos publicados em revistas científicas

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat 
2012_art_tjpgbandeira.pdf2,03 MBAdobe PDFView/Open

Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.