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Title in Portuguese: Human mobility in large cities as a proxy for crime
Author: Caminha Neto, Carlos de Oliveira
Furtado, Joao Jose Vasco Peixoto
Pequeno, Tarcisio Haroldo Cavalcante
Silva, Caio César Ponte
Melo, Hygor Piaget Monteiro
Oliveira, Erneson Alves de
Andrade Júnior, José Soares de
Keywords: Alometria
Violência urbana
Mobilidade urbana
Issue Date: 2017
Publisher: Plos one
Citation: NETO, C. O. C.; FURTADO, J. J. V. P.; PEQUENO, T. H. C.; SILVA, C. C. P.; MELO, H. P. M.; OLIVEIRA, E. A.; ANDRADE JÚNIOR, J. S. Human mobility in large cities as a proxy for crime. Plos One, San Francisco, v. 12, p. e0171609, fev. 2017.
Abstract: We investigate at the subscale of the neighborhoods of a highly populated city the incidence of property crimes in terms of both the resident and the floating population. Our results show that a relevant allometric relation could only be observed between property crimes and floating population. More precisely, the evidence of a superlinear behavior indicates that a disproportional number of property crimes occurs in regions where an increased flow of people takes place in the city. For comparison, we also found that the number of crimes of peace disturbance only correlates well, and in a superlinear fashion too, with the resident population. Our study raises the interesting possibility that the superlinearity observed in previous studies [Bettencourt et al., Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 104, 7301 (2007) and Melo et al., Sci. Rep. 4, 6239 (2014)] for homicides versus population at the city scale could have its origin in the fact that the floating population, and not the resident one, should be taken as the relevant variable determining the intrinsic microdynamical behavior of the system.
metadata.dc.type: Artigo de Periódico
ISSN: 1932-6203
Appears in Collections:DFI - Artigos publicados em revista científica

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