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Title in Portuguese: Betulinic acid induces cell death by necrosis in Trypanosoma cruzi
Author: Sousa, Paloma Leão
Souza, Racquel Oliveira da Silva
Tessarolo, Louise Donadello
Menezes, Ramon Róseo Paula Pessoa Bezerra de
Sampaio, Tiago Lima
Canuto, Jader Almeida
Martins, Alice Maria Costa
Keywords: Doença de Chagas
Trypanosoma cruzi
Issue Date: Oct-2017
Publisher: Acta Tropica
Citation: SOUSA, P. L. et al. Betulinic acid induces cell death by necrosis in Trypanosoma cruzi. Acta Tropica, Kidlington, v. 174, p. 72-75, oct. 2017.
Abstract: Chagas ’ disease is a neglected disease caused by the protozoan parasite Trypanosoma cruzi and constitutes a serious health problem worldwide. The treatment is limited, with variable e ffi cacy of benznidazole and ni- furtimox. Betulinic Acid (BA), a triterpene, can be found in medicinal herbs and has a wide variety of biological and pharmacological activities. The objective was to evaluate betulinic acid e ff ects on the cell death mechanism in Trypanosoma cruzi strain Y. BA inhibited the growth of epimastigotes in periods of 24 h (IC 50 = 73.43 μ M), 48 h (IC 50 = 119.8 μ M) and 72 h (IC 50 = 212.2 μ M) of incubation; of trypomastigotes (IC 50 = 51.88 μ M) in periods of 24 h and intracellular amastigotes (IC 50 = 25.94 μ M) in periods of 24 and 48 h of incubation, no toxicity on LLC-MK 2 cells at the concentrations used. Analysis of the possible mechanism of parasite cell death showed alterations in mitochondrial membrane potential, alterations in cell membrane integrity, an increase in the formation of reactive oxygen species and increase swelling of the reservosomes. In conclusion, betulinic acid was be able to inhibition all developmental forms of Trypanosoma cruzi Y strain with necrotic mechanism and involvement of mitochondrial membrane potential alteration and increase in reactive oxygen species.
metadata.dc.type: Artigo de Periódico
ISSN: 0001-706X
Appears in Collections:DFAR - Artigos publicados em revistas científicas

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